By Pablo Leighton, Fernando Lopez
The 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile have been considerably varied from different army coups in Latin the USA. those dictatorial regimes all started a brand new period within the subcontinent. They grew to become staunch bearers of a countrywide safety country doctrine and brought radical new monetary guidelines. extra tellingly, they gave start to severe versions of society outfitted at the foundations of what can arguably be thought of ideological genocides, counting on either rudimentary and complex tools of repression and authoritarianism to set up neoliberal platforms that experience lasted till this day. 2013 marked the fortieth anniversary of the autumn of democratic rule in these international locations. After 4 a long time, the governments of Uruguay and Chile proceed to teach deficiencies in bringing the perpetrators of critical human rights violations to stand justice. forty Years is not anything: heritage and reminiscence of the 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile is galvanized by way of the powerful stories that those coups nonetheless create. the diversity of issues addressed within the contributions accumulated the following reveal that the 1973 coups stay key sights for researchers around the globe and that the research of those themes is much from exhausted.
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Extra info for 40 Years Are Nothing: History and Memory of the 1973 Coups D'etat in Uruguay and Chile
Payne, Leigh A, Paulo Abrão and Marcelo Torelly (eds). 2011. A anistia na era da responsabilização: o Brasil em perspectiva internacional e comparada. Oxford, UK: University of Oxford. Poder Legislativo de la República Oriental del Uruguay. 1985. 737: Se aprueba la ley de amnistía”. 8 de Marzo. Montevideo. Accessed March 2014. Ley=15737andA nchor=#(*). —. 1986. “Ley No. 848: De la pretensión punitiva del Estado respecto a los delitos cometidos hasta el 1º de Marzo de 1985”, 22 Diciembre, Montevideo.
Oxford, UK: University of Oxford. Poder Legislativo de la República Oriental del Uruguay. 1985. 737: Se aprueba la ley de amnistía”. 8 de Marzo. Montevideo. Accessed March 2014. Ley=15737andA nchor=#(*). —. 1986. “Ley No. 848: De la pretensión punitiva del Estado respecto a los delitos cometidos hasta el 1º de Marzo de 1985”, 22 Diciembre, Montevideo. Accessed May 2014. Ley=15848. Olsen, Tricia, Leigh Payne and Andrew Reiter. 2009. “Equilibrando julgamentos e anistias na América Latina: perspectivas comparativa e teórica”.
In this particular case, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (ICHR) would eventually rule that in “cases of serious violations of nonrevocable norms of International Law, the protection of human rights constitutes an impassable limit to the rule of the majority” (Gelman v Uruguay 2011). The Gelman Case and the Legacy of Impunity in Uruguay 37 collecting signatures from 25 per cent of the population, the vote to sustain the law went before the people early in 1989 (Lessa 2013, 138). If overturned, the referendum could have established the primacy of human rights and promise of rule of law in the renewed democracy by reopening the trials that had been shut down.