A concise grammar of Polish by Oscar Swan

By Oscar Swan

A Concise Grammar of Polish is meant to be used as a supplementary reference textual content at the starting and intermediate degrees of Polish language research. it's also appropriate to be used because the fundamental textual content in a direction on Polish morphology (although routines would have to be supplied via the instructor).
Phonological and morphological strategies are given particular therapy and representation all through. Sections on declension and conjugation target at an entire description of all standard and so much abnormal phenomena. Descriptions of kinds are liberally supplemented with feedback bearing on derivation, utilization, and modifications among Polish and English.

Show description

Read or Download A concise grammar of Polish PDF

Best foreign languages books

Dutch With Ease

Comprises four cassettes (2h 43m) and a 413 web page path ebook. This pack goals to take clients from scratch to having a pretty good base in Dutch inside six months, and to consider pleased with the language in as low as 3 months. in just part an hour an afternoon clients will circulation forward clearly until eventually they're comfortable with the entire uncomplicated buildings wanted for communique and get to grips with the elemental phrases and grammar of Dutch.

Selves in Two Languages: Bilinguals' verbal enactments of identity in French and Portuguese

Bilinguals frequently file that they believe like a unique individual of their languages. within the phrases of 1 bilingual in Koven’s booklet, “When I converse Portuguese, instantly, i am in a special world…it's a unique colour. ” even if testimonials like this abound in daily dialog between bilinguals, there was scant systematic research of this interesting phenomenon.

Romance Languages and Modern Linguistic Theory: Selected Papers from the XX Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, University of Ottawa, April 10-14, 1990

The contributions during this quantity are chosen and revised papers from the twentieth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, held in Ottawa in 1990. They mirror the country of Romance linguistics conducted inside of a commonly outlined generative framework.

Sengoidelc: Old Irish For Beginners

David Stifter's Sengoídelc (SHAN-goy-delth) presents a complete creation to outdated Irish grammar and metrics. very best to be used as a path textual content and as a advisor for the self sufficient learner, this exhaustive instruction manual can also be a useful reference paintings for college kids of Indo-European philology and historic linguistics.

Additional info for A concise grammar of Polish

Sample text

Ziem ziemiach ziemiom ziemiami = Npl. Excursus on Labial plus -ia Spellings in Polish Polish stem-final spellings of labial plus -ia are ambiguous. g. g. armia ‘army’ [arm’ja]. Note that the ziemia type belongs to our group 3, while armia, with its stem-final consonant cluster [m’j] belongs to type 4. g. ziem--note the phonologically automatic hardening of final labials), while type 4 takes the G pl. g. armii 50 [arm’j-i]). g. [m’]) themselves are known to permit the alternate pronunciations of both [m’] and [m’j], this poses a potentially complex question for the pronunciation and declension of ziemia and armia.

Mysz ‘mouse’ N A G L D I V Singular wiadomość/mysz = Nsg. wiadomości/myszy = Gsg. = Gsg. wiadomością/myszą = Gsg. Plural = Gsg. = Gsg. = Gsg. wiadomościach/myszach wiadomościom/myszom wiadomościami/myszami = Gsg. Two nouns in this class (kość ‘bone’, nić ‘thread’) have exceptional Ipl. forms in -mi instead of the expected -ami. A small number of masculine soft stem nouns have the same exceptional form, which is listed under soft masculines. 54 C. Neuter Nouns There are three major phonological subtypes of neuter nouns, analogous to the three-way split of masculine zero nouns: hard non-velar, velar, and soft.

Wiadomościach/myszach wiadomościom/myszom wiadomościami/myszami = Gsg. Two nouns in this class (kość ‘bone’, nić ‘thread’) have exceptional Ipl. forms in -mi instead of the expected -ami. A small number of masculine soft stem nouns have the same exceptional form, which is listed under soft masculines. 54 C. Neuter Nouns There are three major phonological subtypes of neuter nouns, analogous to the three-way split of masculine zero nouns: hard non-velar, velar, and soft. The cases which are sensitive to stem-finals are the Nsg.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.77 of 5 – based on 29 votes