By Oscar Swan
A Concise Grammar of Polish is meant to be used as a supplementary reference textual content at the starting and intermediate degrees of Polish language research. it's also appropriate to be used because the fundamental textual content in a direction on Polish morphology (although routines would have to be supplied via the instructor).
Phonological and morphological strategies are given particular therapy and representation all through. Sections on declension and conjugation target at an entire description of all standard and so much abnormal phenomena. Descriptions of kinds are liberally supplemented with feedback bearing on derivation, utilization, and modifications among Polish and English.
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Additional info for A concise grammar of Polish
Ziem ziemiach ziemiom ziemiami = Npl. Excursus on Labial plus -ia Spellings in Polish Polish stem-final spellings of labial plus -ia are ambiguous. g. g. armia ‘army’ [arm’ja]. Note that the ziemia type belongs to our group 3, while armia, with its stem-final consonant cluster [m’j] belongs to type 4. g. ziem--note the phonologically automatic hardening of final labials), while type 4 takes the G pl. g. armii 50 [arm’j-i]). g. [m’]) themselves are known to permit the alternate pronunciations of both [m’] and [m’j], this poses a potentially complex question for the pronunciation and declension of ziemia and armia.
Mysz ‘mouse’ N A G L D I V Singular wiadomość/mysz = Nsg. wiadomości/myszy = Gsg. = Gsg. wiadomością/myszą = Gsg. Plural = Gsg. = Gsg. = Gsg. wiadomościach/myszach wiadomościom/myszom wiadomościami/myszami = Gsg. Two nouns in this class (kość ‘bone’, nić ‘thread’) have exceptional Ipl. forms in -mi instead of the expected -ami. A small number of masculine soft stem nouns have the same exceptional form, which is listed under soft masculines. 54 C. Neuter Nouns There are three major phonological subtypes of neuter nouns, analogous to the three-way split of masculine zero nouns: hard non-velar, velar, and soft.
Wiadomościach/myszach wiadomościom/myszom wiadomościami/myszami = Gsg. Two nouns in this class (kość ‘bone’, nić ‘thread’) have exceptional Ipl. forms in -mi instead of the expected -ami. A small number of masculine soft stem nouns have the same exceptional form, which is listed under soft masculines. 54 C. Neuter Nouns There are three major phonological subtypes of neuter nouns, analogous to the three-way split of masculine zero nouns: hard non-velar, velar, and soft. The cases which are sensitive to stem-finals are the Nsg.