A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia by Robert J. Alexander

By Robert J. Alexander

Bolivia was once the heart level for some of the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of geared up exertions that happened throughout the Twenties was once met with a number of govt reprisals and was once principally curbed via the Chaco warfare with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the exertions flow chanced on help in numerous political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the awesome upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background through the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the attractive heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia was once the heart level for the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of great political instability. the growth of prepared hard work that happened throughout the Twenties used to be met with quite a few govt reprisals and was once principally curbed through the Chaco warfare with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the exertions move chanced on help in numerous political events, the main winning of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the awesome upheavals which punctuated Bolivian heritage through the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the appealing background of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the hard work circulation advanced within the framework of numerous political adjustments, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which started in December 1943 and lasted simply and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which all started on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the innovative regime in November 1964

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We might call these people honorably deceived, and among them cannot but be included . . Arturo Borda. But there were also others who profited from the labor movement. " 95 Most of the labor leaders, who at first supported Siles, finally turned against him. A number of labor leaders, in Oruro and elsewhere, participated in the insurrection that overthrew President Siles in 1930. 96 ORGANIZED LABOR DURING THE CHACO WAR The Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay began in June 1932 and lasted for about three years.

However, the stated objective of t h e meeting—to establish a national labor confederation—was not achieved, d u e largely to controversies between workers sympathetic to the new Republican Party and delegates from unions with more radical political leadership. 6 3 The second attempt to establish a national organization, which proclaimed itself the National Congress of Workers, w a s called together on t h e inspiration of the Marxist-oriented Congreso Obrero de Estudios, although the invitations to the meeting were issued by the Universidad Popular of La Paz.

However, in March 1927 a Third Labor Congress was held in Oruro. This congress met in the Municipal Theater of Oruro, with 150 delegates present, including twenty peasants. It was addressed by a cabinet member representing President Hernando Siles. The Third Congress, like the one two years earlier, was presided over by Romando Chumcero. It was more clearly Marxistoriented than the meeting in La Paz had been. It reconfirmed the decision to establish the Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo, which was also referred to as the Confederacion Boliviana del Proletario and the Confederacion Boliviana del Trabajo.

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