A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay by Robert J. Alexander

By Robert J. Alexander

In this quantity, Alexander sketches the heritage of equipped hard work within the nations of Uruguay and Paraguay. He covers such issues because the position of equipped exertions within the economics and politics of those nations and their family members with the foreign hard work move. it truly is in response to wide own contacts of the writer with the hard work hobbies over virtually part a century. it may well appear strange firstly to have either one of those nations in a single quantity simply because there doesn't exist anyplace else in Latin the US such old political disparity among neighboring nations as that among Uruguay and Paraguay. although despite the political contrasts, there are particular similarities within the background of the hard work activities of those republics.

In either Uruguay and Paraguay, the earliest corporations to be based through the employees have been mutual gain societies, instead of alternate unions. yet in either international locations, exchange unions which sought to guard their contributors opposed to employers started to appear. through the early years of the 20 th century, those unions started to call for that employers negotiate with them, and there have been increasingly more moves, trying to make those calls for potent. there have been quickly efforts to collect some of the exchange unions into broader neighborhood, nationwide, and foreign exertions organizations.

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7. Francisco R. Pintos, Historia del Uruguay, Ediciones Pueblos Unidos, Montevideo, 1946, page 57; see also Carlos Rama in Jorge Batlle, op. , page 39. 8. ” 9. Pintos, op. , page 71. 10. , page 84; see also Acuña, op. , pages 10–11. 11. Pintos, op. , page 85. 12. Ibid. 13. , page 86. 14. All foregoing from Ibáñez manuscript, op. cit. 15. Acuña, op. , page 10. 16. , Montevideo, 1944. 17. All foregoing from Ibáñez manuscript, op. cit. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield 36 A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay 18.

146. Interview with Juan Castedo, leader of Sindicato de Cocineros y Pasteleros del Uruguay (Autónomo), in Montevideo, October 15, 1946. 147. Interview with Nazario Alvarez, Eduardo Severi, and Oscar Sea, press secretary, assistant treasurer, and secretary general, respectively, of Organización Obrera del Omnibus of UGT, in Montevideo, October 15, 1946. 148. Interview with Carlos Rossi and Carlos Santos, assistant secretary and secretary general, respectively, of Sindicato Único de la Industria Metalúrgica of UGT, in Montevideo, October 16, 1946.

The Montevideo port walkout lasted sixty-nine days. Three other stoppages were between fifty and seventy days in length. Thirty-nine walkouts were of less than ten days’ duration. 99 POLITICAL RIVALRY IN THE UNIONS Political rivalry was intense in the unions. The anarchists were still dominant. A syndicalist group that veered away from the pure anarchists of the FORU was aided by trade unionists in the Socialist Party. This group split away from the FORU in 1920 at the time of an ill-advised general strike called by the anarchists.

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