A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and by Trevor Ling

By Trevor Ling

The non secular traditions of Asia and Europe, the 'East' and 'West' of the name, are often considered as being in sharp distinction with one another, the single 'mystical', the opposite 'prophetic'. every time their religions aren't so contrasted they're often handled in isolation from one another: the faith of Israel, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Dr Ling, in spite of the fact that, stresses that there's substantial overlap and interpenetration among the 2 forms and components, and that you will need to see the ancient inter-relation among those religions and to monitor how, in the course of given classes of heritage, there are parallel advancements or major divergences. He covers the interval 1500 B.C. to the current time, delivering an summary of the advance of Asian and eu spiritual traditions and associations, and discussing the social and fiscal components desirous about the advance of religous traditions, even if he exhibits that such components on my own don't account for the spiritual lifetime of guy. Dr Ling is going directly to interpret the modern importance of those religions and their power for the long run lifetime of humanity. He means that the current degree of spiritual boost is characterized by way of open-endedness in the direction of the long run; now not all religions express this personality, yet none has but exhausted the chances of improvement. This booklet is meant to be used an an advent to the learn of faith. even though reference is made within the textual content to resources of extra details, the ebook can be utilized regardless of them.

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31: 34). The effects of the kind of innovation which Yahwism represented, even although the prophet doctrine was never fully comprehended or adhered to by all of Israel, were sufficiently radical in the situation of the time to justify the modern description of it as a 'prophetic breakthrough'. C. 2); nor in India either until (also in the sixth century) there appear the Mahavira and the Buddha. , that is, the period immediately before and after the events which have just been related were taking place in Egypt and Canaan.

The ritual associated with the festival was intended to repel the powers hostile to life, and to safeguard and secure fertility and the continuance of life. Connected with the ritual actions was a creation Kingship, myth and ritual in the ancient Near East 7 myth which told of the conquest of a primeval chaos-monster and the setting up of the ordered life of nature and of the nation. At the annual festival the king personally played the chief role in the ritual which was held to be a re-enactment of the creation drama related in the myth.

One of the most recent of such studies is that by Guy Swanson (1960). ), found that there was a strong correlation between societies having a clearly identifiable hierarchical structure - that is, having three or more types of sovereign groups 6 Nomads, Peasants and Kings ranked in hierarchical order - and monotheistic beliefs. A summary of Swanson's fmdings is sufficient for our purpose here. A perfect correlation, that is, one in which monotheism was always found to occur in hierarchically-structured societies, and never in simplestructured societies, would be represented by a coefficient of + 1·0.

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