By Paul Tennant
This booklet provides the 1st entire therapy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to ascertain the fashionable political background of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides particular recognition to the newest courtroom judgements, executive guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the surroundings for the main excessive and chronic calls for through local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims by way of governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the fundamental query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the prospect. offering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have so much different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once mostly answerable for the long run process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia started their land claims initially of white cost and endured regardless of the big efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this e-book as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who this present day have extra energy and harmony than ever ahead of. the writer has performed vast interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency corporations and Indian political corporations. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on mess ups and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technological know-how on the collage of British Columbia.". This publication is meant for.
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Additional resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
Once suitably prepared, by missionaries, educators, and other civilizing agents, thé Indians would no longer require protection and tutelage. " The resuit would be to sap their morale and to drain thé public treasury. Essential to thé System, then, was getting thé Indians off thé reserves and into thé colonial society with thé inducement being thé equal right to pre-empt land. Lytton had not suggested this final step. For its time it was radical and unique. In no other new world colony was thé equality of aboriginal and immigrant pérsons seriously accepted by senior officiais and made thé basis of actual policy at thé start of colonial administration.
Douglas' first instructions relating to thé new colony, sent from London by Archibald Barclay, thé Company's secretary, dealt with Indians and land: With respect to thé rights of thé natives, you will hâve to confer with thé chiefs of thé tribes on that subject, and in your negotiations with them you are to consider thé natives as thé rightful possessors of such lands only as they are occupied by cultivation, or had houses built on, at thé time when thé Island came under thé undivided sovéreignty of Gréât Britain in 1846.
12 This view can only dérive from relying more on thé wording of Barclay's instructions than on thé wording of thé treaties and thus failing to realize that Douglas in fact departed from those instructions. The treaties plainly indicate that Douglas did not regard any land as unowned. The text recognizes each Indian community as initially owning "thé whole of thé lands" it traditionally occupied. 13 The starting point for each treaty was that local communities of Indians were recognized as owning every square inch of their traditional lands.