Academic Entrepreneurship in Europe by Mike Wright, Bart Clarysse, Philippe Mustar, Andy Lockett

By Mike Wright, Bart Clarysse, Philippe Mustar, Andy Lockett

Educational Entrepreneurship in Europe Wright, M. Clarysse, B. Mustar, P. Lockett, A. This ebook advances our figuring out of collage spin-off production and improvement in environments open air the high-tech clusters of the USA. whereas there was colossal collage spin-off task across the world lately, a variety of significant features are little understood. The authors argue that the nature of universities is altering as decreased public investment displays a public debate on their position in society. a massive element of this foreign phenomenon is an elevated emphasis at the commercialization of collage learn and on educational entrepreneurship. those new ventures as a result contain the spinning-off of expertise and data generated through universities. The authors undertake a multi-level method of their exam of collage spin-offs. ecu case reports are particularly chosen to mirror the range of the institutional setting. In specific, devices of study concerning universities, know-how move workplaces, spin-off enterprises, finance prone and person marketers and groups are widely analysed in quantitative and qualitative reports. To finish, coverage implications for the longer term winning improvement of spin-offs are pointed out. This interesting booklet will entice a wide-ranging viewers together with teachers, coverage makers, researchers and practitioners with an curiosity in educational entrepreneurship and college spin-offs, and, extra usually, in company and administration and entrepreneurship.

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This programme assists the creation of entrepreneurship centres in universities for training scientists in the commercialization of research results (see below). The organization of entrepreneurial training courses for researchers might contribute to the awareness of the latter about entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial programmes. However, it remains a rather passive form of giving incentives. Therefore, countries decided to create pull factors to encourage researchers into entrepreneurial activities and to financially support business plan competitions that could pull researches into entrepreneurial activities.

Usually, the establishment of seed and pre-seed funds associated with the university are part of this process. University funds almost always invest exclusively in start-ups that are based on technology developed at the parent institution with which they are associated. The degree of public involvement varies from country to country.

We conducted an initial telephone exercise to identify the most suitable person to complete the questionnaire. This person was typically the head of the TTO or their designate. We received information from 98 of these universities. We returned to these institutions in the spring of 2003, and obtained full data on the level of their spin-off activity in financial year 2002 from 124 universities. Tests showed that the respondents were representative of the population of universities that are active in commercialization of university research.

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