Advances in Immunology, Vol. 55 by Frank J. Dixon

By Frank J. Dixon

From the studies of past Volumes "Provides unrivalled worth in either educational and financial phrases and may be bought via demanding pressed librarians as a huge precedence to be jealously defended." -JOURNAL OF scientific MICROBIOLOGY "Advances in Immunology needs to locate itself one of the so much lively volumes within the libraries of our universities and institutions." -SCIENCE "A provocative and scholarly assessment of research." -JOURNAL OF the yank scientific organization "Deserves an everlasting position in biomedical libraries as an relief in learn and in teaching." -JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGIC tools

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G. , 1991). Finally, SCF treatment can increase numbers of mature leukocytes in uiuo, but these effects are quantitatively modest when compared to effects on primitive hematopoietic progenitors. For example, when administered to normal mice in uiuo, SCF modestly increased (by -2-fold) numbers of peripheral blood neutrophils but markedly increased numbers of IL-3-responsive progenitor cells and CFU-S in the 48 STEPHEN J. CALL1 ET AL. , 1992). When administered to baboons in uiuo, SCF had even more striking effects, producing significant increases (of up to 100-fold) in hematopoietic progenitor cells in the bone marrow and blood, and also increasing peripheral blood red cells, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes, but not platelets (R.

Similarly, SCF by itself has only modest effects on the development of colonies of hematopoietic cells in uitro, but acts in synergy with many other growth factors to promote the production in vitro of early and intermediate precursors of erythroid, myeloid, and lymphoid lineages. 40 STEPHEN J. , 1991). However, SCF also can act synergistically with other growth factors to promote mast cell proliferation. For example, SCF can act synergistically with IL-3 to promote the in uitro proliferation of immature mouse mast cells (S.

1990b). Hence, SCF is not an obligate growth factor for the proliferation of mouse pro-B cells. Taken together, these data indicate that SCF is a potent comitogen for normal B220+ pre-B cells and certain pre-B cell lines, but cannot replace the stromal signal necessary for the proliferation of normal pro-B cells. s2 STEPHEN J. GALL1 ET A L X. Mast Cell Biology A. MASTCELLDEVELOPMENT Mast cells are distributed throughout essentially all vascularized mammalian tissues, where they occur in close proximity to blood vessels, nerves, epithelia, and smooth muscle.

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