Advances in Sensing with Security Applications (NATO Science by Jim Byrnes

By Jim Byrnes

The fusion of uncomplicated rules in arithmetic, biology, and chemistry with ongoing advancements in and computation bargains the promise of even more refined and actual sensing services than presently exist. Coupled with the dramatic upward push within the desire for surveillance in innumerable features of our day-by-day lives, caused through opposed acts deemed unbelievable just a couple of brief years in the past, the time is ripe for scientists within the different parts of sensing and protection to affix jointly in a concerted attempt to strive against the hot manufacturers of terrorism. The contents of this quantity might be divided into 3 greatly outlined yet interrelated components: The expanding want for speedy and actual sensing – what's the possibility; The clinical underpinnings of the continued revolution in sensing; particular sensing algorithms and methods. A deep knowing of those 3 themes, and in their interdependency, is obviously the most important to satisfy the expanding sophistication of these who desire to do us damage. The members to this quantity are a few of the world's best specialists within the improvement of recent methodologies to either understand and are expecting those threats and to successfully care for them. The ASI introduced jointly those international leaders from academia, executive and undefined, with vast multidisciplinary backgrounds evidenced through their examine and participation in different workshops and meetings.

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Locally these groups already present a challenge to the governments trying to protect their citizens. LTTE and FARC, two long-standing terrorist organizations, are discussed in this section because although they do not currently pose a global threat or have an anti-Western agenda, because of their organizational strength and capabilities they may pose a threat in the future. The Terrorist Threat and Its Implications for Sensor Technologies 33 The LTTE is one of the most deadly and persistent ethno nationalist/separatist organizations in the world.

Driven in part by pressure from the global war on terrorism, the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE signed a cease-fire agreement on February 22, 2002. While the cease-fire generally held for all of 2003, violence resumed on July 8, 2004 when a female LTTE suicide bomber killed four policemen while attempting to assassinate Eelam People’s Democratic Party member Douglas Devanda [41]. More recently, in February 2005, the LTTE leader Kausalyan was killed, reportedly by paramilitary Sri Lankan forces.

For example, al Qaeda is adapting dual technologies such as airplanes and commercially available chemicals, agricultural fertilizers, and liquid propane and nitrogen [24]. The Tamil Tigers of Eelam (LTTE) has also tried to acquire microlite airplanes and built its own airstrip purportedly to conduct suicide missions from the air [50]. In another innovation that resulted, in part, from Bin Laden’s observation of the economic damage that followed the September 11 attacks, terrorist groups are increasingly attacking economic targets.

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