Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil by David Samuels

By David Samuels

This ebook explores the translation of politicians' occupation ambitions. contributors search to win repeated reelection, within the U.S. condo of Representatives and political scientists have assumed that reelection motivates politicians far and wide. even if, politicians in Brazil see the nationwide legislature as a stepping-stone to "higher" place of work, in country and/or neighborhood govt. Making the suitable assumption approximately politicians' profession pursuits leads to a greater realizing of the political approaches. This e-book improves on prior "rational selection" analyses by way of discovering political profession pursuits and exploring real-world implications.

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Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil

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S. politician estimates for a seat in the House, compared to other positions in each political system. which way is up? Given the information provided, a picture of the hierarchy of political positions in Brazil emerges. Politicians clearly value the position of governor more than state secretary, state secretary more than state deputy, senator more than federal deputy, and minister more than federal deputy. Deputies also report that the benefits of a state secretariat or of serving as mayor are greater than of being federal deputy.

For examples, see Schlesinger (1991); Black (1972); Levine and Hyde (1977); Kernell (1977); Rohde (1979); Brady et al. ); Gilmour and Rothstein (1996); Katz and Sala (1996). As Mayhew and other acknowledge, this is an artificial assumption. Nevertheless, I agree with Arnold (1990, 5n), who wrote that “Some legislators may make trade-offs among their goals, incurring small electoral costs in the course of achieving some other important goal. ” But see for example Smith (1979); Hayama (1992); Atkinson and Docherty (1992); Carey (1996); Epstein et al.

Finally, although the probability of winning a seat in the legislature is certainly higher than winning a race for executive office at any level of government, it remains unclear whether the balance of costs and benefits of repeatedly winning a seat in the Chamber outweigh the costs and benefits of seeking office outside the Chamber. The sum of the benefits, costs, and probabilities points to the conclusion that a Chamber seat is but a middling position on the Brazilian career ladder. In subsequent chapters, I provide a wealth of empirical support for this claim.

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