Ammonia the case of The Netherlands by Dick A. J. Starmans, Klass W. Van der Hoek

By Dick A. J. Starmans, Klass W. Van der Hoek

Within the Netherlands, an severe development in animal husbandry has taken position prior to now a long time. This development brought about significant shifts within the nationwide nitrogen and ammonia stability, with feedstuff being imported from in a foreign country and animal waste getting used in extra in Dutch agricultural parts. starting to be environmental accountability, which used to be caused by way of medical observations on field-scale early-on, ended in placing animal waste and ammonia at the political schedule. Governmental rules have been installed influence and learn courses have been set-up to strengthen concepts to degree and decrease ammonia emissions in response to a systematic process. in the meantime, a list was once made up of the dimensions of the animal waste challenge. also, the affects at the setting have been studied, in addition to technical options to lessen the animal waste creation have been constructed. This booklet goals to supply an entire evaluate of all ammonia emission similar elements of animal husbandry within the Netherlands. in addition to the heritage details as defined above, it encompasses a technical and functional stock of emission assets from livestock, pig, and chicken housings, by way of an inventory of presidency authorized housing structures and manure software suggestions which have been measured in line with general protocols to quantify the on-farm reduce of ammonia emissions. For either conventional and coffee emission platforms an inventory of emission elements is incorporated. by way of providing universal practices within the Netherlands, this e-book additionally informs different european nations approximately our ongoing insights concerning Dutch rules, dimension protocols, abatement strategies and interpretation of measured farm-scale info to nationwide emission values. during this means, it's going to give a contribution to directing the advance of cattle creation during the ecu member states in the direction of a fit and extra sustainable destiny

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This means that all emission sources have to be known, the magnitude of every source (= activity) must be known and last but not least a representative emission factor is necessary. The construction of emission factors for the different activities requires insight in the underlying animal categories and animal housing systems. Measurements are valid for the conditions during the measuring period and for local circumstances. Knowledge how these conditions influence the emissions is necessary for up scaling to national level.

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Ammonia volatilization from intensively managed dairy pastures. Thesis Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 177 pp. , 1991. Odour and ammonia emissions from manure storages. In: Odour and ammonia emission from livestock farming. C. H. Voorburg and P. Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York. pp. 59-66. , 1988. Ammoniak-emissiefactoren voor de veehouderij. Publikatiereeks Lucht Report 76. VROM, Leidschendam, The Netherlands. , 1975. The borderline between application and dumping of organic manure (in Dutch).

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