By Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer
To be had in English for the 1st time, An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru is a firsthand account of the Spanish invasion, narrated in 1570 via Diego de Castro Titu Cusi Yupanqui—the penultimate ruler of the Inca dynasty—to a Spanish missionary and transcribed through Titu Cusi's mestizo secretary.
Titu Cusi tells of his father's maltreatment by the hands of the Spaniards; his father's resulting army campaigns, withdrawal and homicide; and his personal succession as ruler. This vibrant narrative illuminates the Incan view of the Spanish invaders and gives a tremendous account of local peoples' resistance, lodging, switch, and survival within the face of the Spanish conquest.
Ralph Bauer's impressive translation, annotations, and advent supply serious context and history for a whole realizing of Titu Cusi's instances and the importance of his phrases. Co-winner of the 2005 Colorado Endowment for the arts e-book Prize.
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Extra resources for An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru
Titu Cusi reciprocated the demonstrations of goodwill by frequently exchanging letters with Spanish authorities in Lima and Cuzco, entertaining Spanish missionaries in his refuge, and even allowing himself to be baptized and adopting a Christian name— Diego de Castro, in honor of the Spanish governor. A meeting was arranged at the bridge of Chuquichaca with the oidor (judge) of the Audiencia of Charcas, Juán de Matienzo, in order to negotiate the terms under which Titu Cusi would receive a substantial repartimiento in exchange for giving up his refuge.
The unflattering portrayal of Gonzalo Pizarro lusting after gold and Manco Inca’s coya (“queen,” although see later discussion), for example, lends specific testimony to the general arguments made by Las Casas and others about the insatiable greed, unbridled cruelty, and moral depravity of the Spanish conquerors. Similarly, the hardship and suffering imposed on the Andean communities by the Pizarro brothers’ repeated attempts to extort gold and silver as ransom for captured Inca sovereigns corroborates political arguments that the unduly heavy burden in tribute and labor imposed by the conquerors on the Natives had degraded them to the status of personal slaves and was responsible for the catastrophic decimation of His Majesty’s Native subjects in the Americas.
32 In light of Titu Cusi’s noted tolerance of Christianity and reluctance to give up native Andean huacas, its use in the Manichean sense of evil here suggests the imprint of Marcos García’s monotheistic missionary jargon on this text. A final example of ambiguous agency in this text is Titu Cusi’s account of the miraculous appearance of an equestrian knight, —42— INTRODUCTION recognizable to Spanish readers as Santiago, patron saint of Spain, in support of the Spanish siege of Cuzco. 33 It is difficult to decide for this early text, but it is worth mentioning that by the early seventeenth century this story apparently had become part of native Andean memories, for it was repeated and illustrated by Guaman Poma de Ayala (see Illustration 7).