An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler,

By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff

An creation to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages

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Extra info for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)

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Espera from (JqJaie a , Eth. 'atrones from {}eovor;. For anaptyctic vowels cf. *'uzn "ear" > Akk. uzun, Reb. 'ozen. Liaison of words occurs in Ar. *tumma nkasara [tummankasaraJ "then it was broken". Among modern Semitic languages, the Ethiopian tongues make fairly extensive use of prosthetic and anaptyctic vowels (Ullendorff, SLE, pp. 199 to 200). 82). The pronunciation of s'dwa as 'd in certain conditions has been considered by some scholars as a secondary phenomenon of an anaptyctic character (Gesenius-Bergstrasser, Hebraische Grammatik, pp.

G. iskUnu > iskunnu "they put". g. *wdsibat > wdsbat "she dwells": cf. 3-4. g. with pronominal suffixes: so us~rib1i-su "they let him enter". In any case, stress is non-phonemic in Akkadian. 7. e. stress does not fall on a final syllable (even if it be the result of contraction) but goes back as far as possible till it meets a long syllable or, failing that, the initial syllable. Examples: qatdltum "you killed"; qdtalU "they killed"; mdmlakat "kingdom". We do not, however, know any express Arab tradition of acceptable antiquity which might elucidate for us the origin of the stress rules now observed in reading classical Arabic.

Which have already been considered in the section on phonology (cf. 1-22); b) analogy, both morphological and lexical, sometimes in opposition to phonetic laws; an example of morphological analogy (cf. 44-45) is offered by the ProtoSemitic endings of the first and second persons singular in the verbal suffix-conjugation (*-ku, *-ta, *-ti) and their development in Arabic (-tu, -ta, -ti) or Ethiopic (-ku, -ka, -ki), with analogical extension of the elements t and k, respectively; as an example of lexical analogy one might mention Heb.

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