Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water by M. Petrovic, et al.,

By M. Petrovic, et al.,

Show description

Read or Download Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle [Comp Anal Chem Vol 50] PDF

Similar nonfiction_6 books

Quantum Hall effects: field theoretical approach and related topics 2nd Edition

The quantum corridor influence (QHE) is likely one of the so much interesting and gorgeous phenomena in all branches of physics. super theoretical and experimental advancements are nonetheless being made during this sphere. within the unique variation of this publication, composite bosons, composite fermions and fractional charged excitations (anyons) have been one of the exotic principles awarded.

Treatise on Natural Philosophy, Volume I, Part I

'The time period 'natural philosophy' used to be utilized by Newton, and remains to be utilized in British Universities, to indicate the research of legislation within the fabric global, and the deduction of effects indirectly saw. ' This definition, from the Preface to the second one version of 1879, defines the proposed scope of the paintings: the 2 volumes reissued listed below are the one accomplished a part of a survey of the whole lot of the actual sciences by means of Lord Kelvin and his fellow Scot, Peter Guthrie Tait, first released in 1867.

Additional resources for Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle [Comp Anal Chem Vol 50]

Sample text

For more information regarding manufacturing discharges, see EPA [51]. It is worth noting, however, that of the major chemical synthesis industries, the pharmaceutical industry produces the most waste (from by-products, catalysts, solvents, salts, and intermediates) per unit of actual product. The ratio of waste mass produced per unit of API produced ranges roughly from 25 to 100. 01. , the API itself) are many orders of magnitude lower in the pharmaceutical sector, somewhere between 1 and 1000 tons [52], using the E-factor approach adapted from Sheldon.

Previously unexpected sources are at times revealed. ’’ Beginning with the end-user (or end use) as the ultimate source, the principal groups are consumers, healthcare providers, hospitals, veterinarians, and those working in agriculture (including farming, CAFOs, and aquaculture). Additional but less obvious sources exist, most of which have localized impacts. Examples are the accumulation of drugs donated during humanitarian relief efforts and the cemetery burial of bodies that have received large doses of drugs (including radionuclides).

01. , the API itself) are many orders of magnitude lower in the pharmaceutical sector, somewhere between 1 and 1000 tons [52], using the E-factor approach adapted from Sheldon. The industry is also making continual progress in adopting green chemistry approaches in developing alternative synthesis routes for new and existing APIs. When discussing quantities of drugs manufactured or disposed, it is important to recognize that the actual API represents only a portion of the overall mass of the finished formulated drug (which includes the other ingredients composing the finished drug, namely the excipients [53]).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.40 of 5 – based on 37 votes