By Singh, Rajendra
The main primary class of human cognition and motion, and all human languages have constructed many units to specific it. those comprise verbal different types, akin to demanding and element, but in addition adverbials, debris, and ideas of discourse enterprise. This ebook is meant as an academic for the examine of the way time is expressed in average languages. Its chapters take the reader via a couple of foundational matters, resembling many of the notions of time and many of the skill to precise it; different chapters are dedicated to extra particular questions, corresponding to the purchase of time, its modelling in formal semantics and in computational linguistics, or how its expression might be empirically investigated.
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Extra info for Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008
This bright yellow won’t ﬁt in the room’ Besides, there are statements which allow both interpretations, like (16d) which associates the reduplication of ‘‘yellow’’ to the noun ‘‘mango’’ in a nursery rime for children and may have the reading ‘‘intensive’’ or ‘‘attenuative’’. Interpreted as a direct perception (dekho ‘look’), the property is constructed as a ‘mode of presence’ and means ‘‘greenish yellow’’, ‘‘yellowish’’ (particularly since these mangos are fresh and not extra-ripe); interpreted as generic and because of that in disjunction from any speciﬁc perception (‘‘the king of fruit’’), the property is saturated and means ‘‘truly yellow’’, ‘‘a nice /deep yellow’’.
Interpreted as a direct perception (dekho ‘look’), the property is constructed as a ‘mode of presence’ and means ‘‘greenish yellow’’, ‘‘yellowish’’ (particularly since these mangos are fresh and not extra-ripe); interpreted as generic and because of that in disjunction from any speciﬁc perception (‘‘the king of fruit’’), the property is saturated and means ‘‘truly yellow’’, ‘‘a nice /deep yellow’’. (16) c. dekho, kitnaˆ aˆm rasıˆlaˆ / look, how-many mango juicy / lagtaˆ kitnaˆ taˆzaˆ hai / seems how-much fresh is / chilkaˆ uskaˆ pıˆlaˆ-pıˆlaˆ skin its yellow-yellow aˆm phaloN kaˆ raˆjaˆ hai mango fruits of king is Reduplication and ‘echo words’ in Hindi/Urdu 37 ‘look, how juicy is the mango/ its skin deep yellow (yellowish) / how fresh it looks / mango is the king of fruits’’ Whatever the meaning, approximation or saturation, it ﬂows from the neutralization of the di¤erential property in the adjective.
AA N modiﬁes in a systematic way the relation A-N, namely the attribution of the property A to the noun N, with the various meanings resulting from the di¤erent nature of nouns (discrete or compact) and the context which actualizes AN as an occurrence (with or without preconstruction, as a mode of presence, as the construction of the property)9. As opposed to the simple adjective, the reduplicated adjective is not descriptive10. Normally an adjective qualiﬁes the noun by conferring to it a di¤erential property (which makes it descriptive): lambaˆ laRkaˆ ‘tall boy’, or lambe laRke ‘tall boys’, refers to a boy or a set of boys with tallness as a distinctive property (as compared to other boys, small and medium-sized); being tall here is a di¤erential property.