By D. Kabelitz, T. Pohl, K. Pechhold (auth.), Guido Kroemer, Carlos Martinez-A. (eds.)
In any circulation in their existence, immune cells, specifically T and B lymphocytes, are faced with a necessary selection: to proceed their lifestyles or to dedicate a type of metabolic suicide that's often called apoptosis or programmed mobile dying. not like so much philosophers, lymphocytes and their precursors are continually vulnerable to suicide, and it even seems to be that the standard reason behind T or B phone removal is suicide instead of demise from typical factors, injuries or homicide. This ebook offers an unlimited evaluation of lymphocytes suicide: exterior triggers and inner causes resulting in suicidal impulses, accomplices in self-destruction, guns implicated in self-execution, removing of useless our bodies and pharmacological prevention of suicide. many of the chapters during this publication are dedicated to the body structure of apoptosis. The target is to unmask the exterior triggers of apoptosis, resolve the sign transduction seasoned cesses concerned therein and describe the function of oncogenes, "death genes" and effector molecules within the apoptotic cas cade. the rest chapters care for the pathophysiologi cal features of lymphocyte apoptosis, particularly, as a number contribution to HIV-induced lymphopenia, and healing concepts for the avoidance of lymphocyte demise. we're convinced that this compendium will give a contribution to the exploration of mobile suicide, not just from a simple scientist's point of view but additionally with reference to the prospective medical implications of apoptosis (dys)regulation. faraway from having a dark impact at the reader, mobile suicide could therefore offer a resource of either highbrow pleasure and healing inspiration.
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Additional info for Apoptosis in Immunology
1992; HIBNER and COUTINHO 1994; KING and ASHWELL 1993; KRAMMER et al. 1994; SCHWARTZ and OSBORNE 1993; WILLIAMS and SMITH 1993). The next section will focus on the recent developments in this field. 4 Genetic Controls of Apoptosis in B Lymphocytes The c-mye oncogene has been classically involved in the control of cell proliferation. However, it has now become clear that the c-Myc protein can also induce apoptotic cell death under some circumstances (EVAN and LITILEWOOD 1993). For example, high constitutive expression of c-mye in conjunction with a growth inhibitory signal is a potent inducer of apoptosis (ASKEW et al.
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