Aspect and Meaning in Slavic and Indic by Ranjit Chatterjee

By Ranjit Chatterjee

3 positive aspects set this booklet except different fresh guides on point. First, it appears to be like heavily on the language kinfolk, Slavic, that has been the most resource of assumptions and knowledge approximately point. moment, it appears upon the thing of linguistic research, common language, from an perspective shared via thinkers on language whose prominence remains to be outdoors linguistics: Wittgenstein, Bakhtin, and Derrida. 3rd, the exploratory and contrastive account of element in Indic, mainly in Bengali, in an effort to without doubt evoke reactions from specialists in those languages.

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The result is a joint creation of the information content. 3 Witnout digressing to discuss these developments, I should like to make note of two points: (1) The speaking subject's degree of autonomy in the speech situation as seen in avant garde texts in our century, and (2) that 'exception and continuity is [sic] essential for explanation and change, even if continuity would be impossible to formalize . . '4 In their histor­ ical movement languages display conformity and regularity as well as vari­ ety, but the majority of linguists are happier to see and describe 'lawful' phenomena and sometimes even to invent them.

Formally linked meanings (such as iterativity: Cz. dělávat 'to do', prosívat 'to beg, ask'; multiplicity: Cz. sedat 'to sit', sházet 'to throw'; distributivity: Cz. Policie pozatykala všechny zločince, 'the police went about catching all the criminals,' vsechna jablka spadala se stromů na zem, 'all the apples fell from the trees to the ground'; the adverbial nuances associated with Bengali and Hindi compound verbs) are language-specific Aktionsarten. The often noticed but little elucidated interdependency of these two terms can now be readily seen.

It is not an inclusive history but a selective outline of changing conceptualizations, arguments and trends. e. ' An early treatment of this question was provided by Streitberg 1889. In his formulation, 'three main semantic categories govern the whole verbal system of the Slavonic as well as the Baltic dialects' (emphasis added): (1) The imperfective or durative or continuous aspect which gives the action in its uninterrupted duration or continuity; (2) The perfective or resultative aspect, which adds the additional notion of termination to the sense of the verb; (3) The iterative aspect, which gives the notion of its repetition.

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